/ælˈdʒɪərz/ (Arabic: الجزائر al-Jazā’ir, Algerian Arabic and Berber: Dzayer دزاير [dzæˈjer]; French: Alger, pronounced: [alʒe]) is the capital and largest city of Algeria and the Maghreb. According to the 1998 census, the population of the city proper was 1,519,570 and that of the urban agglomeration was 2,135,630. A recent UN estimate of the urban agglomeration (metropolitan area) puts the population at 3,354,000 as of 2007.
Called El-Bahdja (البهجة) or alternatively Alger la Blanche (“Algiers the White”) for the glistening white of its buildings as seen rising up from the sea, Algiers is situated on the west side of a bay of the Mediterranean Sea. The city name is derived (via French Alger and Catalan Alguère) from the Arabic word الجزائر al-jazā’ir, which translates as the islands, referring to the four islands which lay off the city’s coast until becoming part of the mainland in 1525. Al-jazā’ir is itself a truncated form of the city’s older name جزائر بني مازغان jazā’ir banī mazghannā, “the islands of (the tribe) Bani Mazghanna”, used by early medieval geographers such as al-Idrisi and Yaqut al-Hamawi.
The modern part of the city is built on the level ground by the seashore; the old part, the ancient city of the deys, climbs the steep hill behind the modern town and is crowned by the casbah or citadel, 400 feet (122 m) above the sea. The casbah and the two quays form a triangle.
Oran (Arabic: وهران, Wahrān; Berber: ⵡⴻⵀⵔⴰⵏ) is a major city on the northwestern Mediterranean coast of Algeria, and the second largest city of the country. It is closely associated with its neighboring city, Aïn Témouchent. Located near the north-western corner of Algeria, 432 kilometres (268 miles) from the capital Algiers, it is a major port and the commercial, industrial, and educational centre of western Algeria.
It is the capital of the Oran Province (wilaya). The city has a population of 759,645 (2008), while the metropolitan area has a population of approximately 1,500,000, making it the second largest city in Algeria.
It seems that the name “Wahran” (Oran in Arabic) is derived from the Berber word “uharu” (lion”).
The legend says that at the time (in 900), there were still lions in the area. The last two lions were hunted mountain near Oran and elsewhere is
Constantine (Arabic: قسنطينة, Qusanṭīnah) is the capital of Constantine Province in north-eastern Algeria. Slightly inland, it is about 80 kilometers from the Mediterranean coast. Regarded as the capital of eastern Algeria and the centre of its region, Constantine has a population of over 750,000 (1,000,000 with the agglomeration), making it the third largest city in the country after Algiers and Oran. There are museums and important historical sites around the city.
(Arabic: عنابة, ‘Annābah, formerly Bône, historically Hippo) is a city in the northeastern corner of Algeria near the river Seybouse and the Tunisian border. It is located in Annaba Province. With a population of 258,058 (2002 estimate), it is the fourth largest city in Algeria. It is a leading industrial centre in eastern Algeria.
(Arabic: باتنة, Tbathent) is the main city of Batna Province, Algeria. With a population of 285,800 (2004 estimation) it is the fifth largest city in Algeria. It is also one of the principal cities of the Chaoui area and is considered the capital of the Aures.
Sidi Bel Abbes